Lakes are the great manifestation of natural beauty. These are the part of mountain where water is present in large quantity and surrounded by mountains or land. Mostly rivers start from lakes and end at the ocean. Natural lakes are present in the mountain area. Many lakes are artificial and are constructed for industrial, agriculture and hydroelectricity use. Natural lakes are distributed in the northern hemisphere of higher altitude. Canada has the highest number of lakes. It is estimated that Canada has 31,752 larger than 3 square km and a total number of 2 million. Finland has 187,888 lakes of 500 square meters of which 5600 are large than 1000 square meters. Most lakes have natural outflow in the form of rivers and streams. Lakes can also form by mean of landslides or by a glacial blockage. Natural lakes contain 29 percent of inland standing water. There are different types of lakes such as salt lakes, oxbow lakes, crater lakes and glow lakes. Most lakes are shiny, beautiful and extraordinary charming, which refresh our minds and souls. Many lakes have cultural importance and romantic inspiration for poets. Lakes provide peace, harmony and give breathtaking visuals. We have an amazing collection of lakes. According to the area, depth and beauty top 20 lakes are following.
1) LAKE CASPIAN SEA
This is the largest lake in the world in area.Mostly people think it is the ocean, but it is Lake.It is not natural fresh water lake. It is located in Iran, Russia and neighboring countries. Its maximum length is 1030 km, width is 435 km, and depth is 1025 m surface area is 376000 km square. It is divided into three distinct physically regions; the Northern, Middle and southern. Over 130 rivers provide flow to Caspian. It contains about 3.5 times more water than combined water than Great Lakes. Important faunae are sturgeon caviar and tuna fish. Important flora is many rare species of plants. It becomes landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to continental drift. The Caspian Sea has many ice lands.
2) GREAT LAKES
Great lakes are 2nd largest lakes by area in North America. These are 5 lakes interconnected with each other. These are fresh water lakes. The name of these lakes are superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. Total surface area of these lakes is 244, 106 km square. Lake Superior is largest among these. These are begun to form at the end of last glacial period around 10,000 years ago. These are a major highway for transportation, migration, and trade these are home to a large number of aquatic species. These form a chain connecting the East central interior of North America to the Atlantic Ocean.
3) VICTORIA LAKE
Victoria Lake is located in Tanzania and 3rd largest lake of the world by area. Its maximum length is 337 km, width 250 km, depth 80 m, and surface area is 68,800 km square. Its water volume is 2,750 km square. It is the largest lake in Africa and 2nd largest freshwater lake by surface area. It gets water from thousands of small stream and rivers. The only out Flow River from it is River Nile and is considered the largest branch of the lake. The fishing has altered the fresh water ecosystem of this lake. The release of untreated water from agriculture and industrial into the lake has greatly increased Nitrogen and Phosphorus level. However Northern part is protected area and used for recreation.
4) ARAL LAKE
Aral lake is located in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It is 4th largest lake with an area of 68000 km square, depth is 42 meters, and water volume is 27 km cube. Aral means islands. Aral has 15341 islands. This lake is and by 2007 it had declined to 10 percent to its original size. The shrinking of Aral has been called one of the planets worst environmental disasters. Kazakhstan Government is trying to save its remaining part. This lake was formed about 5.5 million years ago. Its water is used in irrigation by the construction of 1 canals. This is a recreational place for people of the country and around the world.
5) TANGANYIKA LAKE
Tanganyika Lake is located in Tanzania and neighboring countries. Its area is 231.000 km square, maximum length is 673 km, width is 72 km, and depth is 1470 meters. It is a 2nd largest fresh lake in Africa and 5th largest in the world. Mountain surrounds it with beautiful scenery, two main rivers and many small rivers inflow it this lake. One major outflow river is Lucero. The Lake has a complex history of changing flow pattern. There are 250 species of cichlid fish and 150 noncichlid species.
6) BAIKAL LAKE
Baikal Lake is 6th largest in the world. It is located in Russia and Mongolia. Its maximum length is 636 meters; width is 79 km, depth is 744 meters and surface area is 31,722 km square. It is a freshwater lake. It is world oldest lake and 25 million years old. Baikal Lake is home to 1700 species of plants and animals. It is world heritage site. It is rich in biodiversity. Watershed of it has many flora species. It has a long history of human habitation. During winter the lake freezes and could be crossed by foot. Several organizations are carrying out a natural research project on Lake Baikal. It is also used for recreation purpose and important tourist point.